Friday, November 27, 2020
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What is the Global Adjustment Charge?

What is Global Adjustment?

The Global Adjustment (GA) covers the costs of a variety of programs that are required to run the Ontario electricity grid.

It reflects the difference between the wholesale market price of electricity and the regulated rates for OPG nuclear and hydroelectric generating stations. It also covers the difference between the market price and the contracted rates paid to generators across the province and the cost of conservation programs.

What is the Industrial Conservation Initiative?

The ICI is a program that allows Class A consumers to manage how much GA they pay. To participate in ICI, you must become a Class A facility.

Class A or Class B?

Class A customers have the flexibility to save hundreds of thousands of dollars on their Global Adjustment by understanding and optimizing their electricity consumption on peak days. Becoming eligible as a Class A facility depends on your facility's energy consumption and industry.

You're eligible to be billed as Class A if your average monthly peak demand is:

• 500 kW - 1000 kW
and you operate a manufacturing or greenhouse facility

Over 1000 kW in any sector (i.e industrial, shopping center, commercial building, event space etc.)

Class B customers don't / can't participate in the ICI and are charged a flat monthly Global Adjustment cost ($ per kWh).

I'm Class A, now what?

As a Class A customer your Global Adjustment (GA) is charged based on your peak demand during the hours in which the Ontario grid is under the most stress. The Ontario ICI program uses the Top 5 hourly peaks of each "Base Period" (more on Base Periods below) to calculate your contribution to the grid's stress. These Top 5 peak hours are called Coincident Peaks. Your consumption during the peaks sets your Peak Demand Factor (PDF). Reduce your PDF and you reduce how much GA you pay.

How is my PDF Calculated?

Peak Demand Factor is calculated by dividing the sum of demand* during the coincident peaks by the provincial demand* during those same hours.

*Note: The PDF and GA calculations are actually based on MWh and kWh, i.e. your ENERGY consumption during the whole hour and not actual demand. We call it demand to make it easier, but it's actually energy.

This PDF is then used to calculate a monthly Global Adjustment charge for each Class A load facility.

What is the timeline for Peak Days and Cost Savings?

The Base Period, also called the "Base Setting Period" is the time in which a Peak Demand Factor is set.

The PDF which is set during the Base Period is used to calculate the GA amount due on bills starting the following July. The billing period which goes from July to July is called the Adjustment Period. The provincial GA amount is posted monthly here. Class A customers can calculate their monthly GA by multiplying their PDF by the Total GA (M$).

Managing the ICI program effectively is one of the most cost effective ways to reduce electricity costs, understanding the ICI and GA are the first step in creating a Curtailment Strategy that works for your facility.

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